There are a wide range of factors to consider in the development, design and construction of high quality routes for walkers and cyclists, which may demand a variety of specialist skills.
Principles and processes for cycle friendly design (draft), Sustrans Design Manual Chapter 1, 2014 (2.3MB pdf).
Our design guide gives a helpful overview of key issues:
- Design principles. Ensuring networks reflect the five core design principles of coherence, directness, safety, comfort and attractiveness.
- Design parameters. Recognising that cyclists have different needs and behaviour from motor traffic or pedestrians.
- Key processes to consider. Incorporating placemaking, audits, assessments and ecology into the development of schemes.
Our guidance sets out 10 key tips to ensure best practice in designing for cyclists:
- Cyclists are important. All design should reinforce this message.
- Understand the cyclist experience. Ride the route and speak to cyclists throughout the design process.
- Design for less confident cyclists.
- Design in line with cycle training.
- Cycles are vehicles. Understand their space requirements, manoeuvrability and speed.
- Cycles are muscle powered. Aim to minimise energy loss through stopping, hills or being required to dismount.
- Make space for cyclists by reallocating road space.
- Tame traffic.
- Ensure continuity and quality of standards.
- Understand the behaviour of other users.
When creating new cycle routes designers are required to take wildlife legislation and nature conservation policies into consideration. We have developed a range of six detailed Ecology Notes for you to use.
Other Sustrans guidance:
- Road Safety Audits, 2011
- Manual for Streets 2: Digested Read, 2011
- Ecology Note 06: Ecology in the Planning System
Other external guidance:
- Department for Transport, Traffic management issues, Accessible transport guidance , Non-Motorised User Audit (pdf) and Inclusive Mobility
- Highways Agency advice on roads and bridges
- Transport for London, Cycling Design Standards and Walking Audit
- CIHT, Guidelines for Providing for Journeys on Foot and Cycle Audit
- Transport Scotland, Cycling by Design, 2010
- NRAC, Access Audit
- Placecheck, Placecheck Audit
- Copenhagen's Bicycle Account
- The CROW website