2. Planning housing growth to enable active travel and public transport
The location and design of housing influences how people travel and plays a significant role in encouraging economic vibrancy, access to education, workplaces and retail and community cohesion.
Building new homes within existing towns and cities means people are located near services and venues that people travel to on a regular basis. This reduces the overall distances travelled thereby reducing transport demand. Shorter, more localised journeys allow higher levels of cycling and walking and lend themselves to public transport - therefore reducing dependence upon the car and mitigating negative impacts such as traffic congestion and air pollution.
Large scale new development in suburban and rural areas, including new settlements, allow building in a well-planned way and can have a number of benefits including the provision of sustainable and affordable transport infrastructure in the right places, a mix of high quality homes to meet local need, and creating low carbon lifestyles by integrating green travel options that encourage walking and cycling.
This toolkit will discuss:
- The benefits of building in urban areas and the importance of proximity, density and mixed use principles
- The opportunities presented when building in suburban and rural areas, including new settlements